LIFE Natura

The LIFE programme

Environmental protection is one of the key aspects of sustainable development, and to this end in 1992 the European Union instituted a financial instrument for the environment called LIFE (L'Instrument Financier Pour l'Environnement"). LIFE provides support for the development and implementation of Community policies and legislation on the environment. On 1 January 2014, the new “Regulation (EU) n.1293/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council” entered into force, which calls for the institution of a programme for the environment and climate action (LIFE) for 2014-2020, with an endowment of € 3,456,655,000.

The LIFE is subdivided into the Environment sub-programme and the Climate Action sub-programme, which in turn are subdivided as follows:

Environment sub-programme:

  • Environment and efficient resource use

  • Nature and biodiversity

  • Environmental governance and information on environmental issues

Climate Action sub-programme:

  • Mitigation of climate change

  • Adaptation to climate change

  • Governance and information on climate issues.

Each year a call for proposals is published for the programme’s various actions, whose general goals are:

  • Contributing to the shift towards a resource-efficient economy, resilient to climate change and with lower carbon emissions,

  • Contributing to the protection and improvement of the environment and to the interruption and reversal of the biodiversity loss process, including support for the Natura 2000 network and steps against ecosystem degradation;

  • Improving the development, implementation, and application of the Union’s environmental and climate policies and legislation;

  • Catalyzing and promoting the integration of environmental and climate goals into the Union’s other policies, and in public and private sector practices;

  • Boosting support for environmental and climate governance at all levels;

  • Supporting the implementation of the seventh environment action programme (Decision n. 1386/2013/EU of 20/11/2013) “Living well, within the limits of our planet” published in the Official Journal of the European Union L354 of 28/12/2013.

LIFE Nature and Biodiversity

Its main goals include contributing to the development and implementation of EU policies and legislation on nature and biodiversity, in addition to supporting the further development, implementation, and management of the Natura 2000 network. ‘Traditional’ LIFE Natura projects, such as that on the island of Tavolara, aim to protect habitats and plant and animal species listed in Annexes I and II of the Habitats Directive, and the bird species listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive.

Natura 2000 Network

The European Union aims to protect biodiversity through the conservation of natural and semi-natural habitats and of wild flora and fauna throughout the territory of its Member States. To this end, Directive 92/43/EEC of the Council of 21 May 1992, better known as the Habitats Directive, created a network of special protected areas known as «Natura 2000». This network includes SCIs (Sites of Community Importance), identified by each Member State, in addition to SACs (Special Areas of Conservation) and SPAs (Special Protection Areas) established by the so-called Birds Directive 2009/147/EC

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